Iodine is essential for healthy brain development in the foetus and young child. Iodine deficiency negatively affects the health of women, as well as economic productivity and quality of life. Every year nine million pregnant women and eight million newborns are at risk of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in India. Currently, 93% of the average population consumes iodised salt in India(8). Universal iodization of salt with iron and iodine was implemented.
Double Fortified Salt (DFS) is an innovative new fortified food product – delivering small but crucial amounts of iodine and iron to human beings through their diet. In general, DFS formulations are intended to provide 100% of daily dietary iodine requirement, and 30 to 60% of daily dietary iron requirement to tackle micronutrient deficiency. (9)